Heath Svenstrup posted an update 2 months ago
The importance of automation and robots in most manufacturing industries is increasing. Industrial robots have replaced human beings in the wide array of industries. Robots beat humans in jobs that require precision, speed, endurance and reliability. Robots safely perform dirty and dangerous jobs. Traditional manufacturing robotic applications include material handling (pick and place), assembling, painting, welding, packaging, palletizing, product inspection and testing. Industrial robots are used in a diverse range of industries including automotive, electronics, medical, food production, biotech, pharmaceutical and machinery.
The ISO definition of a manipulating industrial robot is "an automatically controlled, reprogrammable, multipurpose manipulator". Based on the definition it may be fixed available or mobile to use in industrial automation applications. These industrial robots are programmable in several axes. They’re multi-functional pieces of equipment which can be custom-built and programmed to carry out a number of operations.
The key advantages of industrial robots is because they may be programmed to suit industry specific requirements and can work continuously for a long time, consistently meeting high manufacturing quality standards. The cost-effective life span associated with an industrial robot is roughly 12-16 years. Because of their persistent accuracy industrial robots are becoming a vital part of manufacturing.
Industrial robots has sorted out into different categories determined by their mechanical structure. The main types of industrial robots are:
Gantry (Cartesian) Robot: They are stationary robots having three components of motion. They work from an overhead grid which has a rectangular work envelope. They are mainly used to perform ‘pick and place’ actions. Gantry robots supply their axes above the work which makes them also ideal for dispensing applications.
SCARA Robots: (Selectively Compliant Articulated Robot Arm) These robots have 4 axes of movement. They move inside an x-y-z coordinated circular work envelope. They are used for factory automation requiring pick and set work, application and assembly operations and handling machine tools.
Articulated robots: An articulated robot has rotary joints. It may have from two to 10 or more interactive joints. Articulated robots are well suited to welding, painting and assembly.
Basic industrial robot designs could be customized with the help of different peripherals. End effectors, optical systems, and motion controllers are very important add-ons. End effectors would be the end-of-arm-tooling (EOAT) attached with robotic arms. Grippers or wrenches which can be employed to move or assemble parts are types of end effectors. End effectors are designed and utilized to sense and talk with the external environment. The final effectors’ design is determined by the application form requirements in the specific industry. Machine Vision systems are robotic optical systems. They may be built-on digital input/output devices and computer networks accustomed to control other manufacturing equipment like robotic arms. Machine vision is used for your inspection of product which such as semiconductor chips. Motion controllers are used to move robots and position stages smoothly and accurately with sub-micron repeatability.
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